COLOMBO

Colombo

Luxury

Colombo is the commercial capital of Sri Lanka and has a fascination of its own...

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RATNAPURA

Ratnapura

Gem

Visit the gemming area, panning of gems, watching men at work with their age-old...

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DAMBULLA

Dambulla

Heritage Tours

Famous for a 1st century B.C. Cave Temple complex, this is an archaeological treasure.

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SIGIRIYA

Sigiriya

Heritage Tours

Sigiriya is a fascinating fortress, which was a stronghold of a fifth century king who...

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POLONNARUWA

Polonnaruwa

Heritage Tours

Polonnaruwa – Sri Lanka’s medieval capital [11th-12th century A.D] is a well-preserved..

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ANURADHAPURA

Anuradhapura

Heritage Tours

Anuradhapura has been the greatest city of all. It remained the capital of Sri Lanka...

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MIHINTALE

Mihintale

Heritage Tours

The story of Mihintale is a story etched deep in the national consciousness....

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KANDY

Kandy

Cultural

Kandy – the royal city, nestling amidst the mid-country hills was the last seat of the...

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PINNAWELA

Pinnawela

Wildlife

Pinnawela is situated 52 km away from Colombo. It is an orphanage for baby...

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MATALE

Matale

Cultural

The main tourist attraction in Matale is the handicrafts and Spice Gardens where one..

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NUWARA ELIYA

Nuwara Eliya

Relax

The British rulers modeled Nuwara Eliya on an English Village in the early 19th century..

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NEGOMBO (North of Colombo)

Negombo

Top Tours

The major beach resort on the coast north of Colombo is Negombo, popularly known...

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SOUTH COAST

South Coast

Round Island

(Mount Lavinia, Wadduwa, Kalutara, Beruwela, Aluthgama, Bentota, Induruwa...

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GALLE

Galle

Top Tours

Galle the seaside town is famous for its well-preserved 17th century Dutch Fort...

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HAMBANTOTA

Hambantota

Top Tours

Hambantota is the largest town on the south-eastern coast and is a well sheltered...

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TRINCOMALEE

Trincomalee

Round Island

Trincomalee is a port city on the east coast of Sri Lanka, about 110 miles northeast of...

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GENERAL INFORMATION

    • Country : Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
    • Gained Independence in : 1948
    • Administrative Capital : Sri Jayawardhanapura, Kotte
    • Commercial Capital : Colombo
    • Area : 65,610 sq km (25,322 sq miles)
    • Length : 445 km
    • Breadth : 225.3 km (278 meters)
    • Population : 18.1 million
    • Population in Colombo : 1.5 million
    • Main Ethnic Groups :
      • Sinhala 74.9%
      • Sri Lankan Tamils 11.2%
      • Moor 9.2%
      • Indian Tamils 4.2%
      • Others 0.5%
    • Language : Official language is Sinhala. Sinhala is a language of Indo- Aryan origin and is the language of the majority. Tamils & Muslims speak Tamil. English is widely spoken by all Communities.
    • Currency : Sri Lankan Rupees
    • Religious Groups :
      • Buddhist 70.19%
      • Hindu 12.61%
      • Islam 9.71%
      • Christian 7.45%
      • Others 0.04%
      • Literacy Rate : 89%
    • Average Life Expectancy : 70-80 years
    • Topography : Flat coastal and Northern areas Hills and mountains in the central and Southern Central Areas.
    • Average Temperature :
      • Colombo 30.60 C to 24.10 C
      • Nuwara Eliya : 20.20 C to 11.50 C
      • Beach 29.00 C
    • Rainfall :
      March – April – Inter Monsoonal Rain fall
      May – September – South West Monsoonal Rainfall
      October – November – Inter Monsoonal Rainfall
      December – February – North East Monsoonal Rainfall
      Average Rainfall : 39” – 197”
    • National Flower : “Nil-Manel” Flower (Blue Water Lily)
      Found in abundance in the marshes and waterways of the
      rural area. It is a water lily that is also found in other tropical
      countries.
    • National Tree : “Na” Tree (Ceylon Iron Wood)
    • National Bird : “Wali Kukula” (Jungle Fowl)
    • Longest River : Mahaweli (207 miles/333 km)
    • Highest Waterfall :
      • Bambarakanda (790 ft/241 m)
        (It breaks off at 3 points by hitting onto a rock before it drops down)
      • Diyaluma Falls (560 ft/171 m) (Highest single drop)
    • Widest Waterfall : St. Clair (241 ft/73 m)
    • Highest Mountain : Pidurutalagela (8281 ft/2524 m)
    • Clothing : Cottons and light clothing in Colombo and other Coastal
    • Dry areas. Light woolens in Kandy and the Hill Country.

WILD NATURE & NATURE LOCATIONS

 

All National parks require you to be accompanied by a wildlife guide. Visits are generally made early morning (0600-1100HRS) or in the evening (1500-1800 HRS).

 

UDAWALAWE National Park (in land from the south west coast, between Ratnapura & Hambantota)

It is situated around a reservoir of the same name in the south central area. Some of the animals that could be seen in herds are elephants, deer, wild buffaloes, wild boar, monkeys and variety of other species like peacock, crocodile, and if you are lucky bear, leopard & giant python. The park has many pleasant surprises for a patient visitor – an experience both memorable and exciting. Camping here is possible.

 

YALA National Park (a few kms past Hambantota on the coast) Yala is the most popular park with a vast array of animals including deer, peacock, elephant, wild buffalo and the lucky visitors may get to see a leopard or bear. There are self-catering bungalows in the park, which can be used, but bookings must be made well in advance for
availability. Camping can also be organized.

 

BUNDALA National Park (Adjoining Hambantota)
A wildlife sanctuary where birds are in abundance. Flamingos are often seen here during the northeast monsoon. Elephants sometimes retreat to the Bundala saltpans during the drought.

 

MUTURAJAWELA Bird Sanctuary (between the airport & Colombo)
Muturajawela is Sri Lanka’s largest single expanse of marsh. It covers an area of 8000 acres, from the mouth of the Kelani River, where it meets the sea, to the outskirts of the Negombo lagoon. The marsh thicker and wilder towards the Negombo end, is home to all kinds of birds, small mammals, snakes, butterflies and dragon flies and even crocodiles. 40% of Sri Lanka’s vertebrate species are recorded here, many of which are endemic. It is recorded that
there are some 126 resident bird species and 40 migratory species.

A haven for fishermen, who use traditional methods of net, line and fish kraals are still employed to rake in lagoon fish, prawns and ornamental varieties from the waters of the marsh.

The main attraction of Muturajawela is a guided boat trip that shows you a variety of landscapes and ecosystems. Learn the different techniques employed by the fisher folk of the area as the boat slips past nets, shrimp pots and traps constructed with matting to form “kraals” in water. It is truly a nature lover’s delight.

 

SINHARAJA Forest Reserve

Sinharaja is Sri Lanka’s last remaining primeval rainforest. A single footpath cuts through the heart of its 50 square miles. Vegetation is in many layers as in Congo or Amazon. The suffocating silence is broken by the sound of rain: 200 inches fall annually. A real paradise for bird and butterfly enthusiasts, and flora and fauna experts as there are many indigenous species found here.

 

AYURVEDA

Ayurveda is the ancient indigenous form of medicine that originated in the east. It involves rejuvenation of the body as well as treatment of certain ailments using natural herbs, plants and roots. Most of these plants can be found in the wild jungles surrounding many hotels.

 

Examples of the treatments available:

Body Massage: The oil used for this is locally produced and helps tone up the nervous system, soothes nerves and joints, aids respiration. It also helps in the elimination of poisons and waste material, removes deposits around the joints amongst other benefits. (45 minutes)

Herbal Steam: You will be asked to lie down on a wooden platform and a wood door will close above you, leaving your head out in the open. Steam produced from boiling specific roots, leaves and plants, will be passed through the wooden chamber. This steam passes throughout your body purifying your pores and eliminating toxins. The benefits include inducing perspiration, improving blood circulation, increasing vital resistance and energizing the heart. (30 minutes)

Herbal Bath: Reduces body pains and makes the irregular nerves function. Stimulates the fitness of the bones and muscles. (30 minutes)

Peeling: Expands the pores and removes the dead layer of the skin making the skin smooth. (30 minutes)

Head Massage: In addition to feeling good and being very relaxing, the oils stimulate the nerves and veins in the brain. (30 minutes)

 

Pinda Sweda: Fermenting the body with herbal rice packs and fresh cow’s milk gives the body relaxation and energetic power in the muscles. It also strengthens the nervous system and improves the blood circulation. (30 minutes)

Herbal Sauna: Constant high temperature with herbs expands the sweat glands and ejects toxins and uric acid from the body. (25 minutes)

 

Snahana Karma: Fermenting of the body with herbal packs and oil will improve the nervous system and weak muscles.

Pancha Karma: The Five Methods of Detoxification or Purification of the Human System, this involves a 7-day treatment with a special diet.

LANKA VISITOR

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