Polonnaruwa – Sri Lanka’s medieval capital [11th-12th century A.D] is a well-preserved metropolis of buildings and shrines. The majestic King’s council chamber, the rock cut Lotus Bath, the statue of one of Polonnaruwa great king’s, Parakramabahu and the rock cut sculptures of the Gal Vihare (temple) are a few of this capital’s memorable sights. The Gal Vihara of Polonnaruwa is a brilliant structure best known for it’s Buddha sculptures. It was once known as the northern shrine, “Uttararama” of Parakramabahu. However, its modern name “Gal Vihara” simply means Rock Temple. It comprises of four mid-12th century statues of Buddha, cut from a single granite wall, and is ranked as one of the best masterpieces of Sri Lankan Art. A “Sea of Parakrama”, a vast 12th century man-made reservoir also dominates the city.
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